Oliver Alderman1,2,* Chris Benmore2, Anthony Tamalonis1, Emma Clark1,, Richard Weber1,2
1Materials Development, Inc., Arlington Heights, IL 60004, USA
2 X-Ray Science Division, Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA
Accurate, precise, and often unique, information on the structure of borate liquids, glasses and ceramics can nowadays be obtained using high-quality x-ray diffraction measurements. These have been made possible through several improvements in synchrotron x-ray source brilliance, especially in the high-energy (∼100 keV) regime, image plate detector technologies and sample environments such as the laser-heated aerodynamic levitation furnace.
In this talk I will briefly summarize our published results on B2O3 and sodium borate melts, followed by comparison to new measurements on liquids bearing other modifiers such as calcium, barium and lithium. The unique opportunities presented by the singular structural chemistry of borates will be discussed, followed by the merits of the methodology, the challenges, and suggestions for future directions.